Where does Mixed-Member Proportional Representation (MMPR) originate?

“… a voting system originally used to elect representatives to the German Bundestag, and which has now been adopted by numerous legislatures around the world.

“[MMPR] is similar to other forms of proportional representation (PR) in that the overall total of party members in the elected body is intended to mirror the overall proportion of votes received; it differs by including a set of members elected by geographic constituency who are deducted from the party totals so as to maintain overall proportionality…

“In Germany, where it is used on the federal level and on most state levels, [MMPR] is known as personalized proportional representation.  In Quebec, where an [MMPR] model was studied in 2007, it is called the compensatory mixed-member voting system (système mixte avec compensation or SMAC).” — Mixed-Member Proportional Representation, Wikipedia

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